Inscripción de niños en el sistema educativo estadounidense

Como padre inmigrante, es fundamental que entienda el proceso de inscripción de sus hijos en el sistema educativo estadounidense.

Con esta guía podrá conocer paso a paso los documentos, las vacunas, los cargos y demás información relevante que necesita para poder inscribir a sus hijos en el sistema de educación estadounidense.

Step 1: Understand Compulsory Education Laws in the United States 

La educación es obligatoria para los niños de 5-18 años, con pequeñas variaciones según el estado. Familiarize yourself with the specific laws and regulations in the state where you reside, as requirements may differ. 

Step 2: Gather Required Documents to Enroll your Children in School 

You will generally need the following documents: 

  • Proof of Residency: Provide documentation such as a lease agreement, utility bill, or a letter from your landlord verifying your address
  • Proof of Identity and Age: Birth certificates or passports are typically required to verify your child's identity and age
  • Immunization Records: Contact your local health department or a healthcare provider to obtain a list of required vaccinations. Immunization records from your home country might be accepted, but it's advisable to have them translated into English if possible
  • School Records and Transcripts: If your children have attended school in your home country, it is beneficial to bring their academic records, report cards, or transcripts. This information will help the school place them in the appropriate grade level
  • Legal Documents: If applicable, provide any legal documents related to custody or guardianship

Step 3: Locate the Local School District  

Research and find the school district that serves your area of residence. School districts are responsible for overseeing public schools within specific geographic boundaries. Visit the district's website or contact their administrative offices to gather relevant information. 

Step 4: Contact the School  

Once you have identified the local school district, contact the school that corresponds to your child's grade level. You can find the contact information on the district's website. Inform the school administration about your intention to enroll your children, and they will guide you through the process. 

Step 5: Schedule an Enrollment Meeting  

Arrange a meeting with the school administration to complete the enrollment process. During this meeting, you may be required to provide the documents mentioned in Step 2. The school staff will assist you in filling out any necessary forms. 

Step 6: Address Language Needs  

If you and your children are not fluent in English, inquire with the school about language support services. Many schools offer English as a Second Language (ESL) programs to assist non-native English speakers in learning the language and adapting to the U.S. education system. 

Step 7: Consider Financial Aspects  

Public schools in the United States are generally free, funded through taxes. However, there might be some fees associated with specific activities, such as extracurricular programs, field trips, or school supplies. Ask the school administration about any potential fees or financial assistance programs available. 

Step 8: Understand Academic Placement  

The school administration will assess your children's educational background and determine their appropriate grade level. They may request academic records or conduct assessments to make an informed decision. 

Step 9: Familiarize Yourself with School Policies and Resources  

Get a copy of the school handbook or policies to understand the expectations, rules, and regulations of the school. Additionally, inquire about available resources such as the school library, counseling services, and after-school programs. 

Step 10: Stay Involved and Engaged  

Maintain regular communication with your children's teachers and attend parent-teacher conferences. Engaging in your children's education will help you understand their progress, address any concerns, and support their academic journey. 

Remember that specific procedures and requirements can vary by state and even within school districts. It is essential to communicate directly with your local school administration to ensure you have the most accurate and up-to-date information. 

By following these steps, you will be well on your way to enrolling your children in the U.S. education system and helping them access the educational opportunities available in their new country. 


The information provided on is intended for general informational purposes only. No debe tomarse como asesoramiento profesional ni reemplazar la orientación de un profesional.

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