Derechos y responsabilidades de los ciudadanos estadounidenses

Como ciudadano estadounidense naturalizado, disfruta de ciertos derechos y tiene determinadas responsabilidades.

Este es un resumen de los derechos y responsabilidades que conlleva la ciudadanía estadounidense. 


  • Right to vote: As a citizen, you have the right to participate in federal, state, and local elections by casting your vote for candidates and issues. 
  • Right to run for public office: You have the right to run for public office at the federal, state, or local level, provided you meet the eligibility criteria specified for the particular position. 
  • Right to apply for federal employment: You can apply for most jobs with the federal government, except for those that require specific security clearances or native-born citizenship. 
  • Right to petition for family members: You can petition for certain family members, such as spouses, children, and parents, to obtain lawful permanent residence (green card) in the United States. 
  • Right to travel with a U.S. passport: As a citizen, you can apply for a U.S. passport, which allows you to travel internationally and seek assistance from U.S. consulates and embassies abroad. 
  • Right to legal protection: You have the right to legal protection under the U.S. Constitution, including due process, equal protection, and freedom of speech, religion, and assembly. 


  • Obeying laws: As a citizen, you are expected to follow federal, state, and local laws and regulations. 
  • Serving on a jury: If called upon, you must serve on a jury to participate in the justice system and ensure a fair trial for all. 
  • Paying taxes: You are responsible for filing income tax returns and paying federal, state, and local taxes based on your income and other factors. 
  • Registering for selective service: If you are a male between 18 and 26 years old, you are required to register for the Selective Service System, which maintains a list of potential military draftees in the event of a national emergency. 
  • Defending the country: In times of war or national crisis, you may be called upon to serve in the armed forces, though naturalized citizens cannot be drafted. 
  • Participating in the democratic process: While not mandatory, it is encouraged for citizens to actively engage in their communities, vote in elections, and stay informed about political issues. 

Please note that this is a general overview, and the specific rights and responsibilities can vary based on local and state laws, as well as individual circumstances.  

Le recomendamos que consulte siempre las fuentes oficiales del gobierno, como la página web o los boletines informativos de su estado o ciudad, o a un asesor legal para obtener la información más precisa y actualizada sobre sus derechos y responsabilidades como ciudadano estadounidense.  


The information provided on is intended for general informational purposes only. No debe tomarse como asesoramiento profesional ni reemplazar la orientación de un profesional.

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