La búsqueda de empleo en los EE. UU.

Buscar empleo en un país nuevo puede ser una tarea abrumadora.

Especially for immigrants who may be unfamiliar with the job market and application process. In the United States, immigrants looking for employment opportunities can follow a series of steps to increase their chances of success. 

Use this guide to learn how to navigate the job application process, including where to start the job search, the importance of creating a LinkedIn profile, whether to pay a recruiter, and the basic steps to finding a job. 

Start with Self-Assessment 

Before diving into the job search, it is essential for you to assess skills, qualifications, and experience. This self-assessment will help identify the industries and positions that align with your background and interests. Understanding personal strengths and weaknesses will help tailor applications and focus on areas where you can make a meaningful contribution. This will allow you to create a resume or even a private list you can use when filling out job application at a business, a restaurant or a store.  

Things you can include in your self-assessment include: 

  • Am I a timely person?  
  • What are my language skills?  
  • Do I know any computer programs or business programs? 
  • Am I good with customer service? 
  • Do I have any manual skills, like cutting skills, electrical skills, driving certifications, etc.? 
  • What days and what hours can I work and be responsible for working?  

Research and Networking 

One of the initial steps in the job search process is conducting thorough research. You should familiarize yourself with the job market trends, industry requirements, and the local job culture. Explore online job boards, company websites, and professional networking platforms to gain insights into available opportunities. 

Networking is crucial in the U.S. job market. Immigrants should leverage their existing connections and actively build new professional relationships. Attending industry events, joining relevant associations, and engaging in online communities can help you establish valuable connections and access potential job opportunities. 

Don't be intimidated, networking is as simple as talking to a local nonprofit and asking if they have job announcements or support groups. The point is to talk to others and share what type of work you are searching for, from a shop to an office setting, so that they can tell you if they know of any openings.  

Create a LinkedIn Profile 

Creating a LinkedIn profile is highly recommended for immigrants seeking employment in the U.S. LinkedIn is a widely used professional networking platform that allows job seekers to showcase their skills, experience, and education. It provides an opportunity to connect with professionals, join industry groups, and stay updated on industry news and job openings. A well-crafted LinkedIn profile can significantly enhance an immigrant's visibility to potential employers. Creating a profile is free and you should not pay anyone if you are messaged with requests for funds.  Research guides for improving your LinkedIn profile and log in at least once a week to interact with other users. 

Tailor Your Resume and Cover Letter 

When applying for jobs, it is crucial to tailor the resume and cover letter to each specific position if they require these documents. Emphasize relevant skills, experiences, and achievements that align with the job requirements. You should also highlight any transferable skills gained from previous work experiences, even if they were in a different country. Your experience matters, so make sure you include it and speak about it if you have an interview.  

Use Online Job Portals 

Online job portals are popular in the U.S. for job seekers to find employment opportunities. Websites like Indeed, Glassdoor, and CareerBuilder provide extensive listings across various industries and locations.  You should regularly search and apply for positions that match your skills and qualifications. Set up job alerts to receive notifications about new job postings. Using these websites is also free, and you should not pay anyone if they message you asking to pay for the service.  

Leverage Professional Staffing Agencies 

While paying a recruiter is not always necessary, professional staffing agencies can be a valuable resource. These agencies specialize in connecting job seekers with employers, particularly in specific industries. Research reputable agencies that focus on placing individuals with international backgrounds in full-time jobs. Engaging with staffing agencies can provide additional support, guidance, and access to a broader range of job opportunities. 

Prepare for Interviews 

Securing an interview is a significant milestone in the job application process. You should thoroughly research the company, its values, and the job role before the interview. Practice common interview questions, articulate transferable skills, and be prepared to discuss their qualifications and how they can contribute to the organization. Understanding cultural differences and norms in interviews is also important. Spend some time researching this or use the support of a friend or local organization, to do practice interviews.

Follow Up and Persistence 

After an interview, it is essential to send a thank -you note or email expressing gratitude for the opportunity. This small gesture can leave a positive impression on the employer. If there is no response within the specified timeframe, follow up politely to inquire about the status of their application. Persistence is key in the job search process, and continuous efforts will eventually lead to success. Be careful not to overwhelm an employer, if you have not heard anything after your follow-up email continue with your job search.


Navigating the job application process in the United States as an immigrant requires research, preparation, and persistence. Starting with self-assessment, conducting thorough research, creating a LinkedIn profile, and tailoring applications are essential steps to increase the chances of finding a job.

Using online job portals, networking, and considering professional staffing agencies can provide additional opportunities. With determination and adaptability, immigrants can find employment in various industries, whether in a restaurant or an office setting, and contribute to their new home. 


The information provided on is intended for general informational purposes only. No debe tomarse como asesoramiento profesional ni reemplazar la orientación de un profesional.

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