Obligaciones impositivas para nuevos ciudadanos

Convertirse en ciudadano de los Estados Unidos abre un mundo de oportunidades y derechos.

But it also comes with certain responsibilities. One of these responsibilities is fulfilling your tax obligations. 

 In this article, explore filing requirements for different visa statuses, deductions and credits relevant to immigrants, and resources for tax preparation and assistance. 

Understanding Tax Residency 

As a new citizen, it is crucial to understand the concept of tax residency. Your tax residency status determines the extent of your U.S. tax obligations. Generally, as a U.S. citizen, you are considered a tax resident, and you are required to report your worldwide income on your U.S. tax return, regardless of where you earned it. 

Filing Requirements for Different Visa Statuses 

If you were not a citizen for the entire tax year, but rather held a different visa status, your tax obligations may vary. Let's take a look at the filing requirements for common visa statuses: 

  • Resident Aliens: If you were a resident alien for the entire tax year, you generally follow the same tax rules as U.S. citizens. You must report your worldwide income on your U.S. tax return. 
  • Nonresident Aliens: If you were a nonresident alien for the entire tax year, you are typically only required to report U.S.-sourced income on your U.S. tax return. Examples of U.S.-sourced income include wages earned in the United States and income from U.S. investments. 
  • Dual-Status Aliens: If you changed your residency status during the tax year, you may be considered a dual-status alien. In this case, you have different filing requirements for the periods of residency and non-residency. Determining your filing status and requirements can be complex, so it is advisable to seek professional assistance or refer to IRS Publication 519, "U.S. Tax Guide for Aliens." 

Deductions and Credits Relevant to Immigrants 

If you are a new U.S. citizen, you may be eligible for certain deductions and credits that can help reduce your tax liability. Here are a few key considerations: 

  • Foreign Tax Credit: If you paid taxes to another country on income you earned there, you may be able to claim a foreign tax credit, which can help offset your U.S. tax liability. 
  • Education Credits: If you are pursuing higher education in the United States or supporting a qualified dependent, you may be eligible for education-related tax credits such as the American Opportunity Credit or the Lifetime Learning Credit. 
  • Child Tax Credit: If you have qualifying children, you may be eligible for the Child Tax Credit, which can provide a significant reduction in your tax liability. 

Resources for Tax Preparation and Assistance 

Navigating the U.S. tax system can be challenging, especially for new citizens. Fortunately, several resources can help you fulfill your tax obligations: 

  • IRS Website: The official website of the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) provides a wealth of information, including forms, publications, and tax guidance. Visit for comprehensive resources. 
  • Volunteer Income Tax Assistance (VITA): VITA offers free tax preparation services to individuals with low to moderate incomes, including non-native English speakers. Trained volunteers provide assistance in preparing basic tax returns. 
  • Tax Professionals: Engaging the services of a qualified tax professional can provide peace of mind and ensure accurate tax compliance. Tax professionals have the expertise to guide you through the complexities of the tax system. 

Becoming a U.S. citizen is an exciting milestone, and understanding your tax obligations is an essential aspect of your new status. Familiarizing yourself with tax residency, filing requirements, deductions, credits, and available resources will help you navigate the U.S. tax system with confidence. Seeking professional advice and assistance can be invaluable in ensuring compliance and optimizing your tax situation. 


The information provided on is intended for general informational purposes only. No debe tomarse como asesoramiento profesional ni reemplazar la orientación de un profesional.

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